Posted 2 hours ago

Have you ever wondered where books come from?



Well then, let me show you, because that’s what I do for a living.

Right now, it’s this time of the year, and the little ones have just freshly hatched:


You’ll notice they’re still blind and naked when they hatch. So I make them little coats…

Posted 3 hours ago
Posted 4 hours ago



How Forensic Entomologists Use Insects to Tell If a Body Was Moved After Death:

In some suspicious death investigations, arthropod (insect) evidence may prove that the body was moved at some point after death. Crime scene insects can tell whether the body decomposed at the location where it was found, and even reveal gaps in the crime time line.
  • Crime Scene Insects Inconsistent with the Body’s Location: The entomologist first identifies all the collected arthropod evidence, cataloging the species present on or near the body. Not every insect belongs in every habitat. Some live in quite specific niches – on limited vegetation types, at certain elevations, or in particular climates. What if the body yields an insect that is not known to live in the area where it was found? Wouldn’t that suggest the body had been moved? 
In his book A Fly for the Prosecution, forensic entomologist M. Lee Goff tells of one such case. He collected evidence from a woman’s body found in an Oahu sugar cane field. He noted that some of the maggots present were a species of fly found in urban areas, not in agricultural fields. He hypothesised that the body had remained in an urban location long enough for the flies to find it, and that it was later moved to the field. Sure enough, when the murder was solved, his theory proved correct. The killers kept the victim’s body in an apartment for several days while trying to decide what to do with it.
  • Crime Scene Insects Inconsistent with the Crime Timeline: Sometimes insect evidence reveals a gap in the time line, and leads investigators to the conclusion that the body was moved. The primary focus of forensic entomology is the establishment of the postmortem interval, using insect life cycles. A good forensic entomologist will give detectives an estimate, to the day or even the hour, of when the body was first colonised by insects. Investigators compare this estimate with witness accounts of when the victim was last seen alive. Where was the victim between when he was last seen and when insects first invaded his corpse? Was he alive, or was the body hidden somewhere?

Again, Dr. Goff’s book provides a good example of a case where insect evidence established such a time gap. A body found on April 18th yielded only First Instar Maggots, some still emerging from their eggs. Based on his knowledge of this insect’s life cycle in the environmental conditions present at the crime scene, Dr. Goff concluded that the body had only been exposed to insects since the previous day, the 17th. According to witnesses, the victim was last seen alive two days prior, on the 15th. It seemed that the body must have been somewhere else, protected from exposure to any insects, in the interim. In the end, the murderer was caught and revealed he had killed the victim on the 15th, but kept the body in the trunk of a car until dumping it on the 17th.

  • Crime Scene Insects in the Soil: A dead body lying on the ground will release all its fluids into the soil below. As a result of this seepage, the soil chemistry changes substantially. Native soil organisms leave the area as the pH rises. A whole new community of arthropods inhabit this gruesome niche. A forensic entomologist will sample the soil below and near where the body was lying. The organisms found in the soil samples can determine whether the body decomposed at the location where it was found, or prior to being dumped there.

Source: Here.

Not the best source but still very interesting stuff

Posted 11 hours ago

tallk to meeeeee


i dont want to work on my essay at all.

Posted 11 hours ago

Obscure Color Words

  1. albicant: whitish; becoming white
  2. amaranthine: immortal; undying; deep purple-red colour
  3. aubergine: eggplant; a dark purple colour
  4. azure: light or sky blue; the heraldic colour blue
  5. celadon: pale green; pale green glazed pottery
  6. cerulean: sky-blue; dark blue; sea-green
  7. chartreuse: yellow-green colour
  8. cinnabar: red crystalline mercuric sulfide pigment; deep red or scarlet colour
  9. citrine: dark greenish-yellow
  10. eburnean: of or like ivory; ivory-coloured
  11. erythraean: reddish colour
  12. flavescent: yellowish or turning yellow
  13. greige: of a grey-beige colour
  14. haematic: blood coloured
  15. heliotrope: purplish hue; purplish-flowered plant; ancient sundial; signalling mirror
  16. hoary: pale silver-grey colour; grey with age
  17. isabelline: greyish yellow
  18. jacinthe: orange colour
  19. kermes: brilliant red colour; a red dye derived from insects
  20. lovat: grey-green; blue-green
  21. madder: red dye made from brazil wood; a reddish or red-orange colour
  22. mauve: light bluish purple
  23. mazarine: rich blue or reddish-blue colour
  24. russet: reddish brown
  25. sable: black; dark; of a black colour in heraldry
  26. saffron: orange-yellow
  27. sarcoline: flesh-coloured
  28. smaragdine: emerald green
  29. tilleul: pale yellowish-green
  30. titian: red-gold, reddish brown
  31. vermilion: bright red
  32. virid: green
  33. viridian: chrome green
  34. xanthic: yellow
  35. zinnober: chrome green
Posted 13 hours ago


Page Sixty-Four. 

APOTHECIA updates Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. 

New reader? Catch up on Tapastic!

Posted 13 hours ago


If this isn’t an entrance to a fairy world then I don’t know what is…

Fairy Glen, Isle of Skye, Scotland, April 2014

Posted 14 hours ago




Did Someone Say Cake?

I stared at these gifs for waaaaayyyyy longer than I should have.

This is so satisfying to watch! I’m also craving cake for some reason…

This is very conflicting


Posted 14 hours ago

Different Types of Opals


Andamooka Rough Opal


Black Opal


Boulder Opal


Fossilized Opal


Ocean Opal


Raw Fire Opal


Tree Fossil with Opal Rings




Posted 14 hours ago







Just so everyone is aware, there is a bunch of misleading info being spread around re: ALS research - the “27%” figure is based on previous years’ annual funding; furthermore, the remainder goes to improving the quality of life of those suffering from ALS. Given that the annual funding is approximately 16M, that’s just over 4M spent on decreasing their suffering. It isn’t greed, it’s a lack of money.”

Shut up already.

The ALS Association has a 4-star rating from Charity Watchdog. 

And the next time you start to complain about a charity either a) working on multiple fronts (because that’s what ALSA does—both seeking a cure and helping people suffering now) or b) daring to have administration expenses—let’s see how long you can last, much less tackle a cause, without printer paper and an internet connection. 

As someone who has watched a family member die from a neuro-degenerative disease; funding to develop better wheelchairs and bedsore creams is *just* as important as funding research to cure the disease itself…

A friend of mine posted an update from one of HER friends to FB earlier.  Her dad has ALS.  The ALS foundation came out to see if they could put in a ramp for his wheelchair, but they couldn’t afford it because of the kind of ramp he needed for the kind of house they had.

This week they called back and said hey, the thing is, we suddenly have a bunch of money, so we’re coming out to build that ramp.  And they did.  She posted pics.

So if you feel like bitching about the ice bucket challenge…reconsider.